International Journal of Gender and Health Studies Vol.10 No. 1&2
© 2017 by The Development Universal Consortia. All Rights Reserved

Department of Geography and Regional planning
University of Uyo
Uyo, Nigeria.



This study assessed the quality of borehole water and its health implications in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. The study employed primary and secondary sources of data collection. Ikot Ekpene was divided into urban and rural districts and water samples were collected at ward levels. A total of six wards from both urban and rural areas were selected. Three borehole points were randomly selected from each ward to have a total of borehole points for water samples. Incidences of diseases were obtained in hospitals and clinics with the use of structured questionnaires. The relationship between the physics-chemical properties of water and incidence of diseases were established using multiple correlation technique while  the spatial distribution of borehole water was established using the quadrate analysis. The results obtained among others showed that borehole distribution was random and tending towards clustering; high incidence of disease. The relationship between water quality parameters and disease was significant. It is recommended that more research should be done in the area of management, regular monitoring of boreholes drilled by private operators.