NYAM, SAMUEL S.
Department of Library and Information Science
Benue State University
This study discusses the library as an institution that has grown in content and service beyond preservation of books; to become the pivot of socioeconomic and political development, whose power is in its resources and thorough interpretation. The resources can influence, affect, modify and even destroy the socio-economic , political and physical parameters of its environment. It notes that the library cannot function by itself, but depends upon the skilled minds and talents of librarians. The paper contends that the librarian is educated for this specific function and with the coming into effect of Act 12 of June 1995, only those registered under the Act can practice as librarians. The paper discusses the education and training of librarians right from the efforts of John William Harris and Joan Allen to the establishment of the first formal training institute for librarians at the university College Ibadan in 1959 to the present. It discusses the role played by various professional organizations starting from the 1953 UNESCO conference and the formation of the West African Library Association (WALA) 1954 and the Nigerian Library Association (NLA) in 1962. It discusses the New Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and the positive role it is playing in information handling and dissemination as well as the challenges of a globally depressed economy.
International Journal of Development in Information and Library Sciences Vol.3 No. 1&2
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